UNIT I                ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY                                                              6

Definition, scope and importance of environment – need for public awareness.Eco-system and Energy flow– ecological succession. Types of biodiversity: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity– values of biodiversity, India as a mega-diversity nation – hot-spots of biodiversity – threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts – endangered and endemic species of India – conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and ex-situ.

UNIT II             ENVIRONMENTAL   POLLUTION                                                                   6

Causes, Effects and Preventive measures of Water, Soil, Air and Noise   Pollutions. Solid, Hazardous and E-Waste management. Case studies on Occupational Health and Safety Management system (OHASMS). Environmental protection, Environmental protection  acts .

UNIT III                RENEWABLE  SOURCES OF ENERGY                                                      6

Energy management and conservation, New Energy Sources: Need of new sources. Different types new energy sources. Applications of- Hydrogen energy, Ocean energy resources, Tidal energy conversion. Concept, origin and power plants of geothermal energy.


UNIT IV             SUSTAINABILITY   AND MANAGEMENT                                                    6

Development , GDP ,Sustainability- concept, needs and challenges-economic, social and aspects of sustainability-from unsustainability to sustainability-millennium development goals, and protocols-Sustainable Development Goals-targets, indicators and intervention areas Climate change- Global, Regional and local environmental issues and possible solutions-case studies. Concept of Carbon Credit, Carbon Footprint. Environmental management in industry-A case study.

UNIT V              SUSTAINABILITY   PRACTICES                                                                    6

Zero waste and R concept, Circular economy, ISO 14000 Series, Material Life cycle assessment, Environmental Impact Assessment. Sustainable habitat: Green buildings, Green materials, Energy efficiency, Sustainable transports. Sustainable energy: Non-conventional Sources, Energy Cycles-carbon cycle, emission and sequestration, Green Engineering: Sustainable urbanization- Socio-economical and technological change.



  1. Anubha Kaushik and P. Kaushik’s “Perspectives in Environmental Studies”, 6th Edition, New Age International Publishers ,2018.
  2. Benny Joseph, ‘Environmental Science and Engineering’, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi,
  3. Gilbert Masters, ‘Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science’, 2nd edition, Pearson Education, 2004.
  4. Allen, T. and Shonnard, D. R., Sustainability Engineering: Concepts, Design and Case Studies, Prentice Hall.
  5. A.S; Adebayo, A.O., Maria, P. Engineering applications in sustainable design and development, Cengage learning.
  6. Environment Impact Assessment Guidelines, Notification of Government of India,
  7. Mackenthun, M., Basic Concepts in Environmental Management, Lewis Publication, London, 1998.




  1. K. Trivedi, ‘Handbook of Environmental Laws, Rules, Guidelines, Compliances and Standards’, Vol. I and II, Enviro Media. 38 . edition 2010.
  2. Cunningham, P. Cooper, T.H. Gorhani, ‘Environmental Encyclopedia’, Jaico Publ., House, Mumbai, 2001.
  3. Dharmendra Sengar, ‘Environmental law’, Prentice hall of India PVT. LTD, New Delhi, 2007.
  4. Rajagopalan, R, ‘Environmental Studies-From Crisis to Cure’, Oxford University Press, Third Edition,
  5. Erach Bharucha “Textbook of Environmental Studies for Undergraduate Courses” Orient Blackswan Ltd. 2013.

Leave a Reply